Heroin is the most harshly punished drug in North Carolina’s sentencing scheme. Possession of 4 grams of heroin will result, upon conviction, of at least 70 months in prison, assuming no substantial assistance is provided to police to help mitigate the sentence.
Heroin was originally synthesized in 1874 by an English chemist working in London. Heroin, in fact, was the trade name that Bayer had given to diacetylmorphine, and it was originally advertised as a non-addictive morphine substitute and cough suppressant. However, it was soon discovered that Heroin metabolizes into morphine, and so was in fact a quicker acting and more addictive form of morphine.
In 1924, the United States banned the sale, importation, and manufacture of diacetylmorphine or Heroin. The following year, the League of Nations attempted to ban the drug worldwide. In 1919, Bayer lost many of its trademark rights to the name Heroin. Today, Heroin is no longer regarded as the unique trademarked name, but rather is the generic name.
Heroin can be ingested (swallowed), injected (via a needle, also known as slamming, banging, or mainlining), smoked (also known as “chasing the dragon”), insufflation (snorting), or used as a suppository (“plugging”).
In the United States, heroin is a schedule I drug according to the Controlled Substances Act and a schedule I drug according to North Carolina’s Chapter 90 schedules, meaning that heroin may not be possessed except Drug Enforcement Agency license.
Afghanistan is the largest producer of Heroin, and since 2004 has produced between 90 and 90 percent of all heroin worldwide.